Diet of Worms

The Diet of Worms of 1521 was an imperial diet of the Holy Roman Empire called by Emperor Charles V and conducted in the Imperial Free City of Worms. Martin Luther was summoned to the Diet in order to renounce or reaffirm his views in response to a Papal bull of Pope Leo X. In answer to questioning, he defended these views and refused to recant them. At the end of the Diet, the Emperor issued the Edict of Worms, a decree which condemned Luther as "a notorious heretic" and banned citizens of the Empire from propagating his ideas. Although the Protestant Reformation is usually considered to have begun in 1517, the edict signals the first overt schism.
Viotti Stradivarius
The Viotti; ex-Bruce Stradivarius of 1709 is an antique violin constructed by luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona (1644–1737). It is one of only 700 known extant Stradivari instruments
Lipinski Stradivarius
The Lipinski Stradivarius is an antique violin constructed in 1715 by the Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona, during Stradivari's "golden period" between 1700 and 1725. There are fewer than 650 extant Stradivarius violins in the world today
Martin Luther bibliography
This list of books by Martin Luther contains a bibliography of the works of Martin Luther in print, online or other formats, in English translation and original language. Martin Luther resisted the publication of a combined edition of his works for
Habsburg Austria
The term Habsburg Austria may refer to the lands ruled by the Austrian branch of the Habsburgs, or the historical Austria. Depending on the context, it may be defined as:The Duchy of Austria, after 1453 the Archduchy of Austria The Erblande, Habsburg
Caccini
Caccini is the name of several composers and artists from Florence:Giulio Caccini (1551–1618), Florentine composer, significant innovator of the early Baroque era Francesca Caccini (1587–1640?), Giulio's daughter, and a well-known opera composer in
Edict of Châteaubriant
The Edict of Châteaubriant, issued from the seat of Anne, duc de Montmorency in Brittany, was promulgated by Henri II of France, 27 June 1551. The Edict was one of an increasingly severe series of measures taken by Henry II against Protestants, whom he
Societé Royale de Papyrologie
The Societé Royale de Papyrologie, founded in 1930 in Cairo and placed under the protection of King Fouad 7 May 1930, is a library of Egyptian papyrus scrolls and fragments and papyrological studies. Under its former names, Société royale égyptienne
Germania (guild)
Germanies were guilds of artisans in the Kingdom of Valencia in Spain. Each germania represented a single trade. The germanies are similar to the hermandades of Castile, which were paramilitary law-enforcement militias. Similar to the hermandades, the
Benedetto Pallavicino
Benedetto Pallavicino was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. A prolific composer of madrigals, he was resident at the Gonzaga court of Mantua in the 1590s, where he was a close associate of Giaches de Wert, and a rival of his
Cold Water Cemetery
Cold Water Cemetery (CWC), also known as the Sinks and the Patterson Family Cemetery, is a historic cemetery located at 15290 Old Halls Ferry Road in Florissant, St. Louis County, Missouri. The cemetery is 1.5 acres and was historically most active